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An Army of Her (a baker's dozen)(2023)

Thirteen women from history that fought for women’s, civil, and or human rights are commemorated in this installation of miniatures. Many, many women worldwide, over time have advocated for the rights of others. Their courageous acts have impacted the lives of numerous people. For example, my research reveals that Theodora (497-548), as one of the most powerful women in Byzantine history, is noted to be one of the first rulers to recognize the rights of women. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), in writing A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, is remembered as the woman who wrote one of the first works of feminist philosophy (1792). Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911) was an abolitionist, suffragist, teacher, and writer; noted to be one of the first African-American women to be published in the U.S.

This grouping or army makes up a baker’s dozen. Historically this phase stems from medieval English bread price laws. To not appear to be “cheating”, to prove they were using the amount of wheat customers were paying for when buying bread, bakers would throw in an extra loaf to the dozen, making 13. So, as if 12 women were not considered equal to 12 men, how about we throw in an extra woman?


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